Moisture is the root cause of almost all mechanisms that damage mineral building materials. The porous nature of many substrates allows water and dissolved contaminants to penetrate via capillary suction into the pores. This may cause various problems such as corrosion of reinforcing steel, salt burst, or freeze-thaw damage.
There is no doubt that by preventing water ingress into a structure, damage is drastically reduced. But the key question is how?
Treatment with water repellents – called "hydrophobation“ - using Protectosil® building protection products is unique. Protectosil® water repellent products penetrate deep into the substrate. They keep water out and maintain the substrate‘s water vapor permeability.
By contrast, film-forming coatings may block the pores of the surface. The large molecules in polymeric water repellent coatings seal the pores of the substrate and may stop it from breathing.
Advantages at a glance
- Is specially suited for the water repellent impregnation of mineral construction materials in outdoor areas
- Is highly reactive and resistant against alkaline environments
- Reaches very high penetration depth
- Generates water vapour permeable, colourless impregnation
- Reduces significantly the uptake of water and soluble salts (e.g. chlorides)
- Protects hairline cracks of up to 0.3mm
- Is supplied ready to use
- Is also recommended as waterproofing under coatings or other surface protection treatments
- Conforms to TL/TP OS-A of ZTV SIB 90 standards set by the German Federal Transportation Ministry and to the EN 1504-2
- Can be used according to principles 1, 2, 5 and 6 of EN 1504-9
Depth hydrophobation for optimum protection
Protectosil® water-repellent molecules are smaller than the pores of the substrate. Due to this and the low viscosity, they penetrate deep into the building material and chemically bond to the inner pore walls, rendering the substrate hydrophobic. External water is kept from entering the pores, while water vapour generated from within the structure can still escape. The structure remains breathable. The following is a simplified illustration of this.
The deeply penetrating protection has two major advantages: Neither UV radiation nor mechanical wear can erase and thus weaken the Protectosil® protection. Silicones and siloxanes, due to their molecular size of >20 nm, do not penetrate and may be weakened by environmental stress.
Critical for efficient hydrophobation is the use of low-viscosity high-efficiency molecules. Protectosil® uses liquid, monomeric alkylsilanes to create an internal barrier which prevents water from penetrating into the substrate. These molecules penetrate the substrate and chemically bond to it. This has various advantages:
- Protectosil® water repellents offer deep protection which is not affected by UV exposure or abrasive load (e.g., traffic).
- Protectosil® maintains the water vapor permeability.
- Protectosil® hydrophobation products do not change the surface appearance of the substrates, so paints can still be applied.
As Protectosil® hydrophobation creates a deep barrier against water, the efficiency of Protectosil® is not measured by the beading effect of the surface. It is measured by the reduction of water uptake. Non-destructive testing can be carried out on existing buildings using a Karstens (or Rilem) tube. Another possibility is to take drill cores and to visualise the penetration depth with water based inks.
|Properties and test methods||Value||Unit||Method|
|Flash point||63||°C||DIN EN ISO 2719|
|Density (°C)||0.88||g/cm³||DIN 51757|
|Viscosity (°C)||0.95||mPa's||DIN 53015|
|Boiling point||approx. 186||°C||DIN 51751|
|Refractive index||1.40||DIN 51423|
|Suitable substrates||Approximate consumption - Mode of application|
|Concrete||min. 150 g/m² - Low pressure pumping|
|Clinker masonry||min. 150 g/m² - Low pressure pumping|
|Ceramic tiles||approx. 100 g/m³ - Low pressure pumping|